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Translation - Definition and Examples - Biology Online Dictionary
WebSep 8, 2023 · Biology definition: Translation is the process of translating (converting) the transcript (genetic information) from the mRNA into a specific sequence of amino acids in the growing chain of a polypeptide. The three general steps of translation are initiation, translation elongation, and translation termination.
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Overview of translation (article) | Khan Academy
WebAn open reading frame (ORF) is a series of codons that begins with a start codon (usually AUG) and ends with a stop codon. There can be no additional stop codons within that sequence. In genes that lack introns (e.g. most prokaryotic genes), an ORF in the DNA sequence will define the entire translated region. definition
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Translation - Biology Definition of Translation | Biology Dictionary
WebApr 7, 2019 · Translation Definition. Translation refers to the process of creating proteins from an mRNA template. The sequence of nucleotides on the RNA is translated into the amino acid sequence of proteins and this reaction is carried out by ribosomes.
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Stages of translation (article) | Khan Academy
WebTranslation involves “decoding” a messenger RNA (mRNA) and using its information to build a polypeptide, or chain of amino acids. For most purposes, a polypeptide is basically just a protein (with the technical difference being that some large proteins are made up of several polypeptide chains). definition
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Translation - National Human Genome Research Institute
WebDec 4, 2023 · … Translation, as related to genomics, is the process through which information encoded in messenger RNA (mRNA) directs the addition of amino acids during protein synthesis. Translation takes place on ribosomes in the cell cytoplasm, where mRNA is read and translated into the string of amino acid chains that make up the synthesized …
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Translation | Description, Process, & Location | Britannica
WebNov 3, 2023 · Translation, the synthesis of protein from RNA. Translation takes place on ribosomes, where messenger RNA molecules are read and translated into amino acid chains. These chains are then folded in various ways to form proteins. Translation follows transcription, in which DNA is decoded into RNA.
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Translation (biology) - Wikipedia
WebIn biology, translation is the process in living cells in which proteins are produced using RNA molecules as templates. The generated protein is a sequence of amino acids. This sequence is determined by the sequence of nucleotides in the RNA. The nucleotides are considered three at a time.
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Translation: DNA to mRNA to Protein | Learn Science at Scitable
WebThe translation of mRNA begins with the formation of a complex on the mRNA (Figure 4). First, three initiation factor proteins (known as IF1, IF2, and IF3) bind to the small subunit of the ribosome.
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11.4: Translation - Biology LibreTexts
WebA. Overview of Translation (Synthesizing Proteins) Like any polymerization in a cell, translation occurs in three steps: initiation brings a ribosome, mRNA and an initiator tRNA together to form an initiation complex. Elongation is the successive addition of amino acids to a growing polypeptide.
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Translation (genetics) - Simple English Wikipedia, the free …
WebTranslation (genetics) Translation is the second part of protein biosynthesis (the making of proteins). It is part of the process of gene expression . transcription, which produces a chain of introns and exons. formulation of the messenger RNA from exons. In eukaryotes, translation happens on the ribosomes in the cytoplasm and in the ...
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