Keyword Analysis & Research: aversive events
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Aversive events and aggression - ScienceDirect
Feb 01, 2018 · When an aversive event is experienced, it activates negative affect which, in turn, activates thoughts, feelings, and behavioral responses that are associated with both fight and flight tendencies . In short, the aversive event triggers the activation of relevant knowledge structures that guide behavior.
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(PDF) Aversive Events and Aggression
Stressful events and individual beliefs as correlates of economic disadvantage and aggression among urban children. This study examined 3 factors that were hypothesized to increase risk for ...
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Behavioral Principles: Aversive Control | Jerry Mertens
Mar 01, 2018 · People tend to prevent or delay aversive events. A number of names have been used to describe avoidance behavior. Here are a few of them: Cheating: Avoiding the punishment that goes with being wrong. Truancy: Avoiding aversive events that go with school. Sneaking: Avoiding being caught misbehaving. Hiding: Avoiding being found. B. DEFINITION OF …
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Anxious responses to predictable and unpredictable ...
Anxiety induced by 2 types of predictable and unpredictable aversive stimuli, an unpleasant shock or a less aversive airblast to the larynx, were investigated in a between-group design. Participants anticipated predictable (signaled) or unpredictable (not signaled) aversive events, or no aversive event. Unpredictable, relative to predictable, contexts potentiated the startle …
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Aversives - Wikipedia
There are two types of aversive stimuli: Unconditioned aversive stimuli naturally result in pain or discomfort and are often associated with biologically harmful or damaging substances or events. Examples include extreme heat or cold, bitter flavors, electric shocks, loud noises and pain. Aversives can be applied naturally (such as touching a hot stove) or in a contrived manner (such as during torture or behavior modification).
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Contextual fear, gestalt memories, and the hippocampus
The fear acquired to places or contexts associated with aversive events is a form of Pavlovian conditioning. However, an initial period of exploration is necessary to allow the animal to form an integrated memory of the features of the context before conditioning can take place. The hippocampal formation plays a critical role in this process.
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(PDF) Anxious Responses to Predictable and …
aversive events produce more fear or anxiety as assessed physio- logically than predictable events, and is the effect of unpredict- ability affected by …
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Loss, Trauma, and Human Resilience
event, such as the death of a close relation or a violent or life-threatening situation, to maintain relatively stable, healthy levels of psychological and physical functioning. A further distinction is that resilience is more than the simple absence of psychopathology. Recovering individuals often
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Which is the best definition of an aversive event?
Aversives can vary from being slightly unpleasant or irritating to physically, psychologically and/or emotionally damaging. It is not the level of unpleasantness or intention that matter, but rather the level of effectiveness the unpleasant event has on changing (decreasing) behavior that defines something as aversive.
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Which is an example of an unconditioned aversive?
Unconditioned aversive stimuli naturally result in pain or discomfort and are often associated with biologically harmful or damaging substances or events. Examples include extreme heat or cold, bitter flavors, electric shocks, loud noises and pain.
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Which is an example of an aversive stimuli?
There are two types of aversive stimuli: Unconditioned aversive stimuli naturally result in pain or discomfort and are often associated with biologically harmful or damaging substances or events. Examples include extreme heat or cold, bitter flavors, electric shocks, loud noises and pain.
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How are Aversives used in the psychology field?
In psychology, aversives are unpleasant stimuli that induce changes in behavior via negative reinforcement or positive punishment.
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